In 1877 after the second Anglo-Asante war, Accra replaced Cape Coast as the capital of British Gold Coast Colony because Accra had a drier climate relative to Cape Coast and even more important, Accra was not home to the tsetse fly hence conducive to animal transportation which was the order of the day.
Why was the capital moved from Cape Coast to Accra?
The British then captured Accra in 1874, and in 1877, at the end of the second Anglo-Asante War, Accra replaced Cape Coast as the capital of the British Gold Coast. This decision was made because Accra had a drier climate relative to Cape Coast.
When did the capital of Ghana moved from Cape Coast to Accra?
Accra became the administrative capital of Ghana in 1877 when the British colonial authority transferred the seat of government from Cape Coast. Accra was declared a city on 29 June 1961 by Ghana’s first President Dr Kwame Nkrumah. Accra has been one of the fastest growing cities in Africa since the pre-colonial era.
When was Cape Coast the capital of Ghana?
An important seat of Asante traders, Cape Coast became a roadstead port and was the British commercial and administrative capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when Accra became the capital. Cape Coast began to decline in the early 1900s, when railways were built from Sekondi and Accra inland to Kumasi.
Who changed Gold Coast to Ghana?
Ghana which was known as Gold Coast was changed to Ghana after independence by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah and Dr. J. B. Danquah.
What state is Accra Ghana in?
|Region||Greater Accra Region|
Is Ghana a poor country?
Yet people in countries like Burundi, South Sudan and Somalia—the three poorest in the world—continue to live in desperate poverty.
What was the capital of Ghana?
Ghana’s rule extended as far as the Niger valley. The city of Koumbi Saleh, thought by many archaeologists to be the empire’s capital, is estimated to have supported 15,000 to 20,000 people.
Is English the native language of Ghana?
Ghana is a highly multilingual developing nation in West Africa. It has a population of over 25 million people with different ethnic groups. Ghana has about 50 indigenous languages (Dakubu, 1996), and the major ones are Akan, Ewe, Ga, Dagaare, and Dagbani, with English as the official language.
What is the meaning of Cape Coast in Ghana?
Cape Coast is a city, fishing port, and the capital of Cape Coast Metropolitan District and Central Region of Ghana. … The Portuguese navigators João de Santarém and Pedro Escobar who sailed past Oguaa in 1471 designated the place Cabo Corso (meaning “short cape”), from which the name Cape Coast derives.
Why is Cape Coast called Central Region?
Cape Coast is located in Ghana’s Central Region, and thanks to its time as a trading post, the location where many slaves were held before being shipped to the Americas, and its colonial history, it is an important focal point of pan-African history.
Why was Cape Coast Castle built?
Cape Coast Castle is a European-built fortress situated on the central coastline of Ghana. Since its initial construction in 1652, the Castle served as a trading post for European nations and as the headquarters of British colonial administration for the Gold Coast Colony.
Why did Ghana change its name from Gold Coast to Ghana?
The Gold Coast was renamed Ghana upon independence in 1957 because of indications that present-day inhabitants descended from migrants who moved south from the ancient kingdom of Ghana. … In 1821, the British Government took control of the British trading forts on the Gold Coast.
Why was Ghana known as the Gold Coast?
Gold Coast, section of the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, in Africa. It extends approximately from Axim, Ghana, or nearby Cape Three Points, in the west to the Volta River in the east and is so called because it was an important source of gold.
What does the word Ghana mean?
The etymology of the name Ghana means “Strong Warrior King” and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval “Ghana” Empire in West Africa, not to be confused with today’s Ghana, as the empire was further north in modern-day Republic of Mali, Senegal, southern Mauritania, as well as in the region of Guinea.