Number. Yoruba tradition often says that there are 400 + 1 orisha, which is associated with a sacred number. Other sources suggest that the number is “as many as you can think of, plus one more – an innumerable number”. Different oral traditions refer to 400, 700, or 1,440 orisha.
How many deities do Yoruba have?
He sent for the great makers of medicine in Oyo and instructed them to make jujus that would increase his powers. One by one the medicine makers brought him this and that, but he was not satisfied with their work He decided at last to ask the orisha Eshu for help.
Who are the Yoruba deity?
Oshun, also spelled Osun, an orisha (deity) of the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. Oshun is commonly called the river orisha, or goddess, in the Yoruba religion and is typically associated with water, purity, fertility, love, and sensuality.
Who are the 17 orishas?
In addition to the worship of one God, named Olodumare, the Yoruba worship dozens of deities known as “Orishas” who are personified aspects of nature and spirit. The principal orishas include Eleggua, Oggun, Ochosi, Obatala, Yemaya, Oshun, Shango, Oya, Babalu Aiye, and Orula.
Who is the strongest Yoruba god?
Ṣàngó is viewed as the most powerful and feared of the orisha pantheon. He casts a “thunderstone” to earth, which creates thunder and lightning, to anyone who offends him. Worshippers in Yorubaland in Nigeria do not eat cowpea because they believe that the wrath of the god of iron would descend on them.
Where did Yoruba originated from?
Almost every Yoruba settlement traces its origin to princes of Ile-Ife. As such, Ife can be regarded as the cultural and spiritual homeland of the Yoruba nation. Ile-Ife was a settlement of substantial size between the 12th and 14th centuries, with houses featuring potsherd pavements.
Is Fon a Yoruba?
The Fon culture incorporated culture and shared ideas with ethnic groups that have been their historical neighbors. Many of their practices are found among Yoruba people, Akan people, Ewe people and others.
How many Orisha deities are there?
Yoruba tradition often says that there are 400 + 1 orisha, which is associated with a sacred number. Other sources suggest that the number is “as many as you can think of, plus one more – an innumerable number”. Different oral traditions refer to 400, 700, or 1,440 orisha.
Who is the oldest Orisha?
Obatala is the oldest of all orishas (imole). His principal wife is Yemaya according to understanding in Caribbean.
Who is Shango favorite wife?
American folklorist William Bascom notes: “Oya is the favourite wife of Shango, the only wife who remained true to him until the end, leaving Oyo with him and becoming a deity when he did. She is Goddess of the Niger River, (Odo Oya), but she manifests herself as the strong wind that precedes a thunderstorm.”
What is God name in Yoruba?
The Supreme God or Supreme Being in the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun is also called Olodumare. … Humans do not worship Olorun directly; there are no sacred areas of worship or ordained person.
Which Orisha is number 11?
Number 11 is considered to be the number of the Ibeji. This is because the twins are complimenting as well as opposing forces. One Ibeji holds the human personality and the other holds the spiritual personality.
Is Sango a Thor?
Sango (Shango) is a Yoruba (Western Nigerian) deity. He is the god of thunder and lightning. … Thor, according to Wikipedia based on Norse mythology is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storm, oak trees, strength the protection of mankind, and also hallowing, healing, and fertility.
Who is Amadioha wife?
Ala is a goddess in Igbo mythology from eastern Nigeria. She is the daughter of the elder god Chukwu and wife of Amadioha, the sky deity. She is the mother goddess of the earth, ruler of the underworld and goddess of fertility in all living things.
How many deities are in Ile Ife?
Ife is well known as the city of 401 deities (also known as irumole or orishas). It is said that every day of the year the traditional worshippers celebrate a festival of one of these deities.