On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon. … In a UN-supervised plebiscite in February 1961, the south decided to unite with the former French Cameroun, creating the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
How did Cameroon become a country?
French Cameroon achieved independence on January 1, 1960. After Guinea, it was the second of France’s colonies in Sub-Saharan Africa to become independent. On 21 February 1960, the new nation held a constitutional referendum, approving a new constitution. On 5 May 1960, Ahmadou Ahidjo became president.
Who was Cameroon founded by?
Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. When they were defeated during the 1st World war, Cameroon placed as a mandated territory of the League of Nations and given to France and Britain to rule it. They shared Cameroon into two parts with France having 3/4 and Britain 1/4.
What was Cameroon originally called?
Originally, Cameroon was the exonym given by the Portuguese to the Wouri river, which they called Rio dos Camarões—”river of shrimps” or “shrimp river”, referring to the then abundant Cameroon ghost shrimp. Today the country’s name in Portuguese remains Camarões.
Who ruled over Cameroon?
In World War I British, French, and Belgian troops drove the Germans into exile, beginning a period of British rule in two small portions and French rule in the remainder of the territory.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
German traders have been involved in trade with West African peoples in the area that later became Cameroon since the late 1860s. … Bismarck’s turn to economic protectionism in 1879 and the rapid growth of overseas trade made it more important to secure access to both markets and sources of raw materials.
Was Cameroon a part of Nigeria?
Northern Cameroon officially became part of Nigeria on 1 June, whilst Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October.
When did Cameroon become independent?
French Cameroon formally achieved its independence from France on January 1, 1960. UPC rebels killed five individuals in Yaoundé on January 1, 1960. Following independence, Prime Minister Ahmadou Ahidjo requested French military assistance to combat the UPC rebellion.
Why did the British fail to annex Cameroon?
1) Britain was reluctant to annex Cameroon because there were conflicting views between the British foreign office and the British colonial office. The foreign office favoured annexation while the colonial office was against it. 2) Also, Britain had the feeling that she already had enough territories in West Africa.
What language do they speak in Cameroon?
Cameroonians speak mostly French and English, which are foreign but official languages and part of an entrenched separatist conflict that has cost about 3,000 lives since 2017.
Who is the most beautiful girl in Cameroon?
Nora Ndemazia Crowned Miss Cameroon USA. It started like a dream but quickly became a reality. New York based Nora Ndemazia, 23, from the South West region has been crowned Miss Cameroon USA 2014, thus becoming the most beautiful Cameroon woman in the United States.
Why is Cameroon considered as Africa in miniature?
Cameroon is often known as “Africa in miniature” because of its geographical and cultural diversity. The Central African country has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent, but its economic progress has been hampered by corruption and decades of authoritarian rule.
What happen in 1972 in Cameroon?
A constitutional referendum was held in Cameroon on 20 May 1972. The new constitution would make the country a unitary state, as opposed to the previous federal system, as well as giving more powers to President Ahmadou Ahidjo. It was passed by 99.99% of voters with a 98.2% turnout.
What did Germany do in Cameroon?
Protectorate of Cameroon
By then well over a dozen German companies based in Hamburg and Bremen, conducted trading and plantation activities in Cameroon.
Did Germany Colonise Cameroon?
German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.
Which country was never colonized in Africa?
Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized. “Quite a few historians attribute that to the fact that it has been a state for a while,” says Hariri.