German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.
Why did the German annex Cameroon?
Chapter 3: THE GERMAN ANNEXATION OF CAMEROON
To increase German investment in order to create jobs and increase revenue. To secure new market for the German product especially after the British restricted. German trade in the Congo treaty in 1884. To increase monopoly in order to make huge profits.
Did Germany colonize Cameroon?
Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. … Since independence Cameroon has been ruled by 2 Heads of State. The first ruled from 1960 till 1982 when he resigned and gave way to his constitutional successor who has been ruling Cameroon since then.
How did Germany annex Cameroon in 1884?
In April 1883, the German traders in Cameroon called on the German Government to annex Cameroon and the government accepted and sent an imperial commissioner to sign treaties with the natives. In February 1884, Bismark appointed Dr . Nachtigal to head a mission to Cameroon and Fernando PPo.
When did Germany occupy Cameroon?
In spite of the predominant role of the British along the coast, in 1884 the Germans claimed the region as Kamerun. The explorer Gustav Nachtigal arrived in July 1884 to annex the Douala coast. The Germans moved inland over the years, extending their control and their claims.
How did Britain annex Cameroon?
Britain eventually entered the race for the annexation of Cameroon because in 1884, Britain discovered a secret plot by Germany to annex Cameroon. 2. The French advanced from the South of Cameroon was now seen as a threat to British commercial interest. The French had even signed treaties with King Pass All of Malimba.
Why did the European scramble for Cameroon?
Scramble to annex Cameroon just like the scramble of Arica, the scramble for Cameroon was necessited by economic, political and social reasons. The British, French and Germans wanted trade monopoly in order to increase their profit. … The Europeans needed labourers from Cameroon to work in plantations.
What was Cameroon originally called?
Originally, Cameroon was the exonym given by the Portuguese to the Wouri river, which they called Rio dos Camarões—”river of shrimps” or “shrimp river”, referring to the then abundant Cameroon ghost shrimp. Today the country’s name in Portuguese remains Camarões.
Who did Cameroon gain independence from?
French Cameroon formally achieved its independence from France on January 1, 1960. UPC rebels killed five individuals in Yaoundé on January 1, 1960. Following independence, Prime Minister Ahmadou Ahidjo requested French military assistance to combat the UPC rebellion.
What language do they speak in Cameroon?
Cameroonians speak mostly French and English, which are foreign but official languages and part of an entrenched separatist conflict that has cost about 3,000 lives since 2017.
When did Cameroon got their independent?
On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon. Ahidjo and his party, the Cameroon Union (Union Camerounaise), pledged to build a capitalist economy and to maintain close ties to France.
How was Cameroon formed?
In 1960 the country was formalised into the Republic of Cameroon, when it gained independence from France [iv]. In 1961 the Federal Republic of Cameroon was formed when the British-controlled areas elected to join the Republic of Cameroon to become one nation [v].
Why did the British change their mind to annex Cameroon?
Britain was more interested in developing trade and gold resources found in South Africa and Australia. Britain would eventually get involved in annexing Cameroon—since Germany wanted it and Britain did not want to suffer any blow to its prestige.