Lake Chad, a freshwater lake located in central Africa at the junction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. The lake has shrunk dramatically over the last four decades due to a decrease in rainfall and an increase in the amount of water used for irrigation projects.
Is Lake Chad salty?
Despite the high rates of evaporation, Lake Chad has low levels of salinity because the more saline waters sink and leave the lake through subterranean conduits in the north. … Areas of open water persist in the southern basin, mostly near the Chari River inflow.
Why is Lake Chad freshwater?
Lake Chad is mainly in the far west of Chad, bordering on northeastern Nigeria. The Chari River, fed by its tributary the Logone, provides over 90% of the lake’s water, with a small amount coming from the Yobe River in Nigeria/Niger. Despite high levels of evaporation, the lake is fresh water.
What is the unique feature of Lake Chad?
A peculiar feature of the Lake Chad is the profusion of hundreds of islands and small islands, of which numerous are inhabited by several communities such as the Kotoko, Mouloui, Barma, Boulalan, Babalia, Kanembou, Haoussa, who live from its resources and rely on the resilience of the lake to perpetuate their ways of …
Why is Chad called the dead heart of Africa?
Chad is bounded to the north by Libya, to the east by Sudan, to the west by Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon, and to the south by the Central African Republic. … Because of this distance from the sea and the country’s largely desert climate, Chad is sometimes referred to as the “Dead Heart of Africa”.
What kind of fish are in Lake Chad?
According to FAO Director of Land and Water Parviz Koohafkan, the Lake Chad basin is one of the most important agricultural heritage sites in the world, providing a lifeline to nearly 30 million people in four countries — Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
Which rivers feed Lake Chad?
Chari River, also called Shari, principal tributary feeding Lake Chad in north-central Africa. It flows through Chad and the Central African Republic and is formed by the Bamingui (its true headstream), the Gribingui, and the Ouham, which brings to it the greatest volume of water.
Is Chad in a drought?
Widespread drought and food insecurity remain a major challenge in Chad, affecting some 3.4 million people, including 1.6 million in need of humanitarian assistance. More than 320,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition, another 40,000 from moderate acute malnutrition.
What is the biggest lake in Nigeria?
It is the largest natural lake in Imo State, Southeastern Nigeria; within the equatorial rainforest region of Niger Delta.
|Primary inflows||Utu, Awbana, Orashi and Njaba rivers|
|Max. depth||8 m (26 ft)|
What resources does Lake Chad provide?
Resources of Chad
Historically, Chad’s principal mineral resource was natron (a complex sodium carbonate), which is dug up in the Lake Chad and Borkou areas and is used as salt and in the preparation of soap and medicines.
What is the climate of Lake Chad?
The climate in the Lake Chad drainage basin is semiarid in the south and arid in the north. The annual average rainfall over the entire basin is 320 mm varying between 1, 500 mm in the southern parts of the region to less than 100 mm in the northern parts of Chad.
What is the climate and geography of Lake Chad?
Climate. The climate of the Lake Chad region is strongly influenced by the seasonal migration and interaction of the dominant air masses of the region: a dry, subsiding continental air mass and a humid, unstable maritime air mass. … Precipitation occurs when the depth of humid air is sufficiently great.
Why do Chad and Romania have the same flag?
The flags of Romania and Chad became nearly identical in 1989, when the Ceaucescu dictatorship fell and Romania dropped the communist insignia that decorated the centre of its standard. In fact, while both flags have the blue, yellow and red stripes, experts say Chad’s blue is deeper than the Romanian blue.
Is Chad in civil war?
The most recent Chadian Civil War began in December 18, 2005. Since its independence from France in 1960, Chad has been swamped by the civil war between the Arab-Muslims of the north and the Sub-Saharan-Christians of the south.
Is Chad a safe country?
Chad is extremely dangerous due to the risk of terrorism, kidnapping, unrest and violent crime. If you decide to go anyway, seek professional security advice. Avoid crowds, including any demonstrations or protests.