There are three types of valid marriage recognized by the Ghanaian law: (1) Customary marriage, (2) marriage under the Marriage Ordinance and (3) Islamic marriage under the Marriage of Mohammedans Ordinance. What is a customary marriage? Customary marriage is the most common form of marriage in Ghana.
Is traditional marriage legal?
Customary marriages are recognised as valid marriages in terms of the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 (“the Act”). … This means that the marriage must be entered into in line with the traditions and customs of the parties. The parties who are getting married must be 18 years or older.
What is traditional marriage in Ghana?
The traditional ceremony is a necessary common rite of marriage for all Ghanaian couples. … During the ceremony, the rich culture of Ghanaians is displayed by the bride and groom being dressed like royalty in brightly colored kente and adorned with gold jewelry and regalia.
What are the three types of marriage in Ghana?
There are three legal forms of marriage in Ghana: the Customary, the Islamic and the Ordinance. Customary marriage in Ghana is a kind of marriage between a man and a woman, and involves performance of certain local customs.
What are the marriage laws in Ghana?
The Marriage Ordinance, 1884: – States that marriage shall be monogamous and prohibits men from marrying again unless they legally divorce. – The Ordinance makes no allowance for a second marriage under customary or Sharia law.
Does a customary marriage need to be registered?
‘(1) The spouses of a customary marriage have a duty to ensure that their marriage is registered. … (6) If a registering officer is not satisfied that a valid customary marriage was entered into by the spouses, he or she must refuse to register the marriage.
Who can register a customary marriage?
The following people should present themselves at either a Home Affairs office or a traditional leader in order to register a customary marriage: the two spouses (with copies of their valid identity books and a lobola agreement, if available) at least one witness from the bride’s family.
How much does traditional marriage cost in Ghana?
Depending on which tribe one is marrying from, the customary marriage could differ in terms of the bride price. But on average it will cost between 5000 to 6000 Ghana cedis ie about $1300.
How traditional marriage is done?
Anthropology. the primary established form of marriage recognized in a given country or religious or social group at a given time: In that culture, traditional marriage requires the families of the future bride and groom to engage in ritual visits and exchange gifts.
What is the difference between modern and traditional marriage?
Traditional marriages locked the spouses into their predefined roles without any opportunity to allow for individual choice. … Modern marriages allow for individual preferences. The spouses are considered equal partners and the women have their share of power and control in decision-making for the family.
Why is marriage so important in traditional Ghana?
Married life is important to many Africans, including Ghanaians, because it is the basis for assigning reproductive, economic, and noneconomic roles to individuals. … Although a higher proportion of Ghanaians marry, numbers also suggest a new development, changing family processes in the country.
How can I register my traditional marriage?
To register a customary marriage, a couple must go to an office of the Department of Home Affairs. At least one witness for each of the partners, or a representative from each of the families must also be present.
Can a Ghanaian man marry two wives legally?
Laws and Religion in Ghana
Currently (2015), Polygamy is illegal in Ghana, although laws against this lifestyle are not heavily enforced against those who choose to live it. Polygamous marriages are illegal under civil law. They are arguably considered to be legal under customary law.
What constitutes customary marriage?
Requirements for a valid customary marriage
The prospective spouses must both be above the age of 18 years; They must both consent to be married to each other under customary law; and. The marriage must be negotiated and entered into or celebrated in accordance with customary law.
Can a legally married man marry another woman?
A person who contracts a statutory marriage is bound by law to practice monogamy. He cannot therefore lawfully contract a second marriage during the subsistence of the first marriage. If he did so, the second marriage would be void by reason of its taking place during the life of the former husband or wife.