Question: Which country Colonised Cameroon first?

Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. When they were defeated during the 1st World war, Cameroon placed as a mandated territory of the League of Nations and given to France and Britain to rule it. They shared Cameroon into two parts with France having 3/4 and Britain 1/4.

Was Cameroon a German colony?

Cameroon as a political entity emerged from the colonization of Africa by Europeans. From 1884, Cameroon was a German colony, German Kamerun, with its borders drawn through negotiations between the Germans, British, and French.

Why did Germans colonize Cameroon?

Reason of Colonization

Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by Germany, because Germany was looking for a colonial empire. Also they needed a country in Africa were Germans could establish trade. They chose Cameroon when an important German company built a warehouse there.

Was Cameroon owned by France?

Colony and mandate

In 1922 it was mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations. The French mandate was known as Cameroun, in French West Africa. The British mandate was administered as two territories, Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons in British West Africa.

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How did the Germans take over Cameroon?

German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.

Who founded Cameroon?

Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms.

Who colonized the Cameroon?

In 1884 the area became a German colony and after the First World War it was divided between France and Britain [iii]. In 1960 the country was formalised into the Republic of Cameroon, when it gained independence from France [iv].

Who hosted the German flag in Cameroon?

On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.

When did the First World War started in Cameroon?

The First World War was fought in Cameroon for eighteen months (August 1914 – February 1916).

When did the German leave Cameroon?

Germany ruJed Cameroon from 1884-1915 as a colony and in 1916 Cameroon was divided between Britain and France following the defeat of the Germans in Cameroon in 1916. Britain and -France ruled their· respective portions of Cameroon as mandated territories -0f the League of Nations from 1919-1945.

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Was Cameroon a part of Nigeria?

Northern Cameroon officially became part of Nigeria on 1 June, whilst Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on 1 October.

Which country was never colonized in Africa?

Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized. “Quite a few historians attribute that to the fact that it has been a state for a while,” says Hariri.

When did Cameroon became a country?

On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon. Ahidjo and his party, the Cameroon Union (Union Camerounaise), pledged to build a capitalist economy and to maintain close ties to France.

Which African countries did Belgium colonize?

Belgium created two colonies in Africa: the entities now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly the Republic of Zaire) and the Republic of Rwanda, previously Ruanda-Urundi, a former German African colony that was given to Belgium to administer after the defeat of Germany in World War I.

Which African countries did Germany colonize?

The German Colonial Empire encompassed parts of several African countries, including parts of present-day Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Namibia, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Togo, Ghana, New Guinea and numerous other West Pacific / Micronesian islands.

Which African countries speak German?

Namibia is a multilingual country wherein German is recognised as a national language (a form of minority language). While English has been the sole official language of the country since 1990, in many areas of the country, German enjoys official status at a community level.

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