Was Kenya part of the British Empire?

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.

How long did the British rule Kenya?

British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya, which was part of the British East Africa Protectorate, was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.

When and why did Kenya leave the British Empire?

Independence and reparations

The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.

Why was Kenya colonized by the British?

The British Empire colonized Kenya in 1895 largely to protect its commercial interests in East Africa. After the fall of the Imperial British East Africa Company, the British government decided to turn Kenya into a protectorate that would defend and consolidate its commercial interests in the region.

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Did Kenya ever resist British rule?

British rule in Kenya was characterized by unfair labor practices, structural racism, and forced resettlement based on the desires of the colonial settlers. As a result of the growing discontent, during the 1950s there was a sustained rebellion against colonial rule.

What did the British do to Kenya?

Not only did the British spend an estimated £55 million suppressing the uprising, they also carried out massacres of civilians, forced several hundred thousand Kenyans into concentration camps, and suspended civil liberties in some cities.

How did Kenya become British?

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was established on 11 June 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate (except those parts of that Protectorate over which His Majesty the Sultan of Zanzibar had sovereignty) were annexed by the UK.

Why is Kenya called Kenya?

Kenya is named after a mountain of the same name. The Kikuyu people, who lived around present day Mt Kenya, referred to it as “Kirinyaga” or “Kerenyaga”, meaning mountain of whiteness because of its snow-capped peak. … However, the name ‘Kenya” arose out of the inability of the British to pronounce Kirinyaga correctly.

When did the British arrive in Kenya?

The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony.

What did Jomo Kenyatta do?

He was the country’s first indigenous head of government and played a significant role in the transformation of Kenya from a colony of the British Empire into an independent republic. Ideologically an African nationalist and conservative, he led the Kenya African National Union (KANU) party from 1961 until his death.

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What was Kenya called before it was called Kenya?

It did not come into widespread official use during the early colonial period, when the country was referred to as the East African Protectorate. The official name was changed to the Colony of Kenya in 1920.

Why was the British interested in East Africa?

Why were the British so interested in East Africa? The British were so interested in East Africa because control of East Africa would also connect the British Empire in Africa from South Africa to Egypt. The other countries that claimed parts of East Africa were Germany, Portugal, and Belgium.

How many British live in Kenya?

Today, there are around 30,000 Brits living in Kenya, admittedly a very small number in a land of 45 million (although that count may be slightly inaccurate, since many of the descendants of the original British settlers have by now become Kenyan).

Who was the last queen of Kenya?

Elizabeth II was Queen of Kenya from 1963 to 1964, when Kenya was independent sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy. She was also the sovereign of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her roles as the Kenyan head of state were delegated to the governor-general of Kenya.