Initially Europe’s main interest in the country was as a source of gold, a commodity that was readily available on the coast in exchange for such European exports as cloth, hardware, beads, metals, spirits, arms, and ammunition. This gave rise to the name Gold Coast, by which the country was known until 1957.
What items did Europe trade?
Goods traded between the Arab world and Europe included slaves, spices, perfumes, gold, jewels, leather goods, animal skins, and luxury textiles, especially silk.
What was being traded from Europe to Africa?
Europe also sent guns, cloth, iron, and beer to Africa in exchange fro gold, ivory, spices and hardwood. The primary export from Africa to North America and the West Indies was enslaved people to work on colonial plantations and farms.
What were the main items Ghana traded?
The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads.
What are the impact of European presence in Ghana?
The consequences were far reaching gold production virtually ceased leading to a reverse demand from the New World; famine occured in areas before food had been plentiful; while the pace of political centralization increased in those states that benefited from the slave trade.
How did the European came to Ghana?
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive. By 1471, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast. … By 1598, the Dutch began trading on the Gold Coast. The Dutch built forts at Komenda and Kormantsi by 1612.
How did traders started trade in Ghana?
The traders who came to Ghana were Berbers or Muslim traders from North Africa who used camels to carry their goods across the desert. These caravans traveled the Trans-Saharan trade route which consisted of many trails that connected the sub-Sahara region of West Africa to the Mediterranean Sea.
What role did Europe play in trade with Africa?
Europeans became the leading traders of Asian and African consumer goods. … They also purchased cloths from several parts of the west African coast for resale elsewhere. Morocco, Mauritania, Senegambia, Ivory Coast, Benin, Yorubaland and Loango were all exporters to other parts of Africa – through European middlemen.
What did Europe trade on the Silk Road?
Eastern Europe imported rice, cotton, woolen and silk fabrics from Central Asia and exported considerable volumes of skins, furs, fur animals, bark for skin processing, cattle and slaves to Khoresm. Northern Europe was the source of furs, skins, honey and slaves.
When was trade carried out between Ghana and Europe?
A revolution in Ghanaian history was initiated by the establishment of direct sea trade with Europe following the arrival on the coast of Portuguese mariners in 1471. … By the mid-18th century the coastal scene was dominated by the presence of about 40 forts controlled by Dutch, British, or Danish merchants.
Why was Ghana well placed for trade?
Arab traders in North Africa wanted gold as much as the people of Wangara wanted salt, and both had to pass through Ghana to trade. Thus, Ghana exploited its geographic location and military power to tax individuals who traded within its borders. … As the trans-Saharan trade in gold expanded, so did the state of Ghana.
What did Songhai trade?
Songhai encouraged trading with Muslims, such as the Berbers of the north. Great market places thrived in major cities where kola nuts, gold, ivory, slaves, spices, palm oil and precious woods were traded in exchange for salt, cloth, arms, horses and copper.
How did Europe make use of their colonial resources in Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
What European country colonized Ghana?
Formal colonialism first came to the region we today call Ghana in 1874, and British rule spread through the region into the early twentieth century. The British called the territory the “Gold Coast Colony”.
What was one positive effect of European colonization?
Another positive effect is seen in document three called “Colonial Governments and Missionaries. ” It shows how the colonial governments introduced improved medical care, and better methods of sanitation. There were new crops; tools and farming methods, which helped, increase food production.