The British found that Kenyan land was fertile and could be used to grow a British settlement in Africa. Furthermore, access to luxury goods like ivory encouraged the British to grow their economy. Kenya was also centrally located (relatively) to Britain’s other African colonies and economic interests.
What resources did Britain gain from Africa?
The report reveals the degree to which British companies now control Africa’s key mineral resources, notably gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, oil, gas and coal. It documents how 101 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) — most of them British — have mining operations in 37 sub-Saharan African countries.
Why did the British settle in Kenya?
Two outbreaks of cattle-disease in the 1880s, an outbreak of smallpox in 1889–90 and internecine fighting between supporters of two rival chiefs weakened the Masai considerably by the 1890s. The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
What did colonization do to Kenya?
Kenya was colonized by Great Britain between 1901 and 1960. British settlers, who came to Kenya because of its resources and comfortable climate, forced indigenous farmers and herders onto infertile land or made them work on European-owned farms and plantations.
How did Britain help Kenya?
After the First World War, during which British East Africa was used as a base for operations against German East Africa, Britain annexed the inland areas of the British East Africa Protectorate and declared it a crown colony, establishing The Colony of Kenya in 1920. The coastal region remained a protectorate.
Was Kenya a British colony?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
What did the British steal from Africa?
Like other European powers, Britain rushed to control African land not just for palm oil but also gold, ivory, diamonds, cotton, rubber and coal.
Why did the British colonize Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.
Did the British use indirect rule in Kenya?
Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.
How did the British affect the development of Kenya?
How did the British affect the development of Kenya? Lost fertile farmland and all political people and displaced people. What group of people fought against the British in the Mau Mau Rebellion? The Kikuyu group of people.
Who did the British colonize?
The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. These included what are now Kenya, Sudan, Lesotho, Botswana, Northern Somalia, Egypt, Eastern Ghana, Gambia, Niger, and Benin.
When did the British colonize Africa?
From 1880-1900 Britain gained control over or occupied what are now known as Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Gambia, Sierra Leone, northwestern Somalia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Nigeria, Ghana, and Malawi. That meant that the British ruled 30% of Africa’s people at one time.
How did the British rule their colonies?
Each colony had its own government, but the British king controlled these governments. … This meant that they could not govern themselves and make their own laws. They had to pay high taxes to the king. They felt that they were paying taxes to a government where they had no representation.
How did the British colonized Africa?
TYPES OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN AFRICA. The British employed various systems of governance in their African colonies. These were through the agency of (1) trading companies, (2) indirect rule, (3) the settler rule, and then the unique joint rule of the Sudan with the Egyptians known as the (4) condominium government.
What did Britain give Kenya several years after the rebellion in 1963?
Kenya gained its independence from Britain with Jomo Kenyatta as the country’s first Prime Minister. The Union Jack was replaced by the black, red and green flag of the new nation. This followed the first all inclusive elections on 27 May 1963. A year later Kenya was declared a Republic.
Why did Britain colonize?
England also looked at the settlement of colonies as a way of fulfilling its desire to sell more goods and resources to other countries than it bought. … At the same time, the colonists could be a market for England’s manufactured goods. The English knew that establishing colonies was an expensive and risky business.