What is causing deforestation in Kenya?

The main reasons for deforestation are multiple and complex: from unregulated charcoal production, logging of indigenous trees, marijuana cultivation, and cultivated fields in the indigenous forest to shamba-system practices, livestock grazing, quarry landslides and human settlements.

What is the cause of deforestation in Kenya?

Population growth is the underlying cause behind deforestation in Kenya, according to the Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KEFRI). … In the 1980s, the Kenyan population grew at the rate of four percent a year, thereby putting pressure on rich forest lands favourable to crop cultivation.

What are the 5 main causes of deforestation?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

What is the main problem facing forests in Kenya?

Environmental issues in Kenya include deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, water shortage and degraded water quality, flooding, poaching, and domestic and industrial pollution.

What are the main causes of deforestation?

Direct causes of deforestation are agricultural expansion, wood extraction (e.g., logging or wood harvest for domestic fuel or charcoal), and infrastructure expansion such as road building and urbanization.

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Is there deforestation in Kenya?

Kenya suffered severe deforestation from the 1970s to the 1990s, mainly for charcoal and timber production. Forest destruction is still a problem in the East African country. … But the Kenyan government has now launched a major initiative to reverse that trend and restore the country’s upland forests.

What is effects of deforestation?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

What are the 10 causes of deforestation?

10 causes of deforestation

  • Agriculture for arable land. Converting forest to arable land is a more recent cause of deforestation. …
  • Agriculture for livestock. The land required to provide the global demand for meat is enormous. …
  • Illegal logging. …
  • Mining. …
  • Fires. …
  • Woodfuel collection. …
  • Roads. …
  • Urbanisation.

What are natural causes of deforestation?

Deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect. Among direct causes are: Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods. Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.

What is the biggest cause of deforestation?

1. Beef production is the top driver of deforestation in the world’s tropical forests. The forest conversion it generates more than doubles that generated by the production of soy, palm oil, and wood products (the second, third, and fourth biggest drivers) combined.

Where are natural forests found in Kenya?

Kenyan forests are biologically rich and harbour high concentrations of endemic species. Forests contain lowland rainforest in western Kenya, and montane forest in the central and western highlands and on higher hills and mountains.

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Does Kenya have forests?

Kenya’s forests are fragmented across the country, combined, forests cover over 37 million hectares. Out of those 37 million hectares, 2.1 million are woodlands, 24.8 million are bush lands and 10.7 are wooded grasslands. … Today Kenya faces high rates of deforestation which endanger both its fauna and flora.

How many forests are in Kenya?

Kenya had 197,000 ha of planted forest.

Kenya Forest Information and Data.

Total Land Area (1000 ha) 56914
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha) 654
Primary Forest, % total forest 19
Other wooded land (1000 ha) 28650
Percent other wooded land 50

What are the causes of deforestation essay?

Some of the most common causes of deforestation are globalization, urbanization, overpopulation and climate. Trees are being cut down for construction purpose, lands are cleared for growing crops and trees are also used as firewood.

How does urbanization cause deforestation?

Urban growth drives deforestation in at least two ways. First, as rural migrants to cities adopt city-based lifestyles, they tend to use more resources. Their incomes rise and their diets shift to a greater share of animal products and processed foods.

Where does deforestation occur?

95% of global deforestation occurs in the tropics. Brazil and Indonesia alone account for almost half. After long periods of forest clearance in the past, most of today’s richest countries are increasing tree cover through afforestation.