What was traded on the Niger River?

Camel caravans from North Africa carried bars of salt as well as cloth, tobacco, and metal tools across the Sahara to trading centers like Djenne and Timbuktu on the Niger River. Some items for which the salt was traded include gold, ivory, slaves, skins, kola nuts, pepper, and sugar.

What did the Niger river trade?

Although today not as well-known as Timbuktu, Djenne was the first noteworthy trading center of the region. Here, merchants of the trans-Saharan caravan trade swapped things like grains, salts, and even dried fish for the precious gold found in West Africa.

What is River Niger used for?

The Niger River in the western region of Africa is used for irrigation, power production, and transportation. Niger River, principal river of western Africa.

Who traded gold for salt?

Gold from Mali and other West African states was traded north to the Mediterranean, in exchange for luxury goods and, ultimately, salt from the desert. The merchants for these routes were often Berbers, who had extensive knowledge of how to navigate through the desert.

What two goods were traded from Africa?

The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads.

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Who named Nigeria?

Like so many modern African states, Nigeria is the creation of European imperialism. Its very name – after the great Niger River, the country’s dominating physical feature – was suggested in the 1890s by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later became the wife of colonial governor Frederick Lugard.

How was the Niger river important to civilization in West Africa?

The Niger river flows from west to east across West Africa. … The Niger river provided irrigation and drinking water in the more arid parts of the these empires. The river was a food source providing fish, and other food to the people of the empires. Many civilizations had their beginnings along side a river.

What is unique about the Niger river?

Interesting Niger River Facts:

The Niger River is the world’s 11th longest river and it is Africa’s 3rd longest river, after the Nile River and the Congo River. The Niger River’s watershed (area of land drained by the river) is 817,600 square miles.

Who built river Niger?

Feasibility studies and design considerations on the possibility of constructing a bridge across River Niger from Asaba to Onitsha was carried out by the Netherlands Engineering Consultants of The Hague, Holland (NEDECO) in the 1950s, Between 1964 and 1965, French construction giant, Dumez, constructed the Niger Bridge …

What is the mouth of the Niger river?

Songhai encouraged trading with Muslims, such as the Berbers of the north. Great market places thrived in major cities where kola nuts, gold, ivory, slaves, spices, palm oil and precious woods were traded in exchange for salt, cloth, arms, horses and copper.

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What did Ghana trade?

At its peak, Ghana was chiefly bartering gold, ivory, and slaves for salt from Arabs and horses, cloth, swords, and books from North Africans and Europeans. … As salt was worth its weight in gold, and gold was so abundant in the kingdom, Ghana achieved much of its wealth through trade with the Arabs.

Who did ancient Mali trade with?

The most important export items are gold, cotton, and live animals, while imports consist largely of machinery, appliances, and transport equipment and food products. Mali’s major trading partners are China and other Asian countries, neighbouring countries, South Africa, and France.