The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was established on 11 June 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate (except those parts of that Protectorate over which His Majesty the Sultan of Zanzibar had sovereignty) were annexed by the UK.
When Kenya became a colony?
British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya, which was part of the British East Africa Protectorate, was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920. Major-General Sir Edward Northey was appointed as the first Governor of the British colony of Kenya.
When did Kenya become a British colony?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony.
Why did Kenya become British colony?
Two outbreaks of cattle-disease in the 1880s, an outbreak of smallpox in 1889–90 and internecine fighting between supporters of two rival chiefs weakened the Masai considerably by the 1890s. The British East African Company was granted a charter in 1888, which led to the colonization of present day Kenya.
What was Kenya’s original name?
It did not come into widespread official use during the early colonial period, when the country was referred to as the East African Protectorate. The official name was changed to the Colony of Kenya in 1920.
When did Uganda gain independence?
Uganda gained independence from the UK on 9 October 1962 with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state and Queen of Uganda. In October 1963, Uganda became a republic but maintained its membership in the Commonwealth of Nations.
Who was the last queen of Kenya?
Elizabeth II was Queen of Kenya from 1963 to 1964, when Kenya was independent sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy. She was also the sovereign of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her roles as the Kenyan head of state were delegated to the governor-general of Kenya.
When did the British colonize Africa?
From 1880-1900 Britain gained control over or occupied what are now known as Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Gambia, Sierra Leone, northwestern Somalia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Nigeria, Ghana, and Malawi. That meant that the British ruled 30% of Africa’s people at one time.
What did the British do to Kenya?
Not only did the British spend an estimated £55 million suppressing the uprising, they also carried out massacres of civilians, forced several hundred thousand Kenyans into concentration camps, and suspended civil liberties in some cities.
What year did Kenya gain independence?
Hezekiah Ochuka was the centre of the August 1, 1982 attempted coup, which the then president Daniel Arap Moi survived in less than a day. The 29-year-old was a Grade 1 – the second lowest rank in the military.
Why did the British colonize Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.
Who named Africa?
The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — “land of the Afri” (plural, or “Afer” singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to modern-day Tunisia.
What does the name Kenyatta mean?
Kenyatta is an African masculine given name meaning “musician”, and may refer to: Kenyatta A.C. Hinkle (born 1987), American artist.
Is Kenya a boy or girl name?
The name Kenya is primarily a female name of Hebrew origin that means Animal Horn.