Who owned Kenya in 1961?

The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963. It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978.

Was Kenya a British colony?

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.

How long did the British rule Kenya?

British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya, which was part of the British East Africa Protectorate, was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920.

How did the British take over Kenya?

The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was established on 11 June 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate (except those parts of that Protectorate over which His Majesty the Sultan of Zanzibar had sovereignty) were annexed by the UK.

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Why did Britain colonize Kenya?

The British Empire colonized Kenya in 1895 largely to protect its commercial interests in East Africa. After the fall of the Imperial British East Africa Company, the British government decided to turn Kenya into a protectorate that would defend and consolidate its commercial interests in the region.

Why is Kenya called Kenya?

Kenya is named after a mountain of the same name. The Kikuyu people, who lived around present day Mt Kenya, referred to it as “Kirinyaga” or “Kerenyaga”, meaning mountain of whiteness because of its snow-capped peak. … However, the name ‘Kenya” arose out of the inability of the British to pronounce Kirinyaga correctly.

What was Kenya called before 1963?

The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963.

Who founded Kenya?

European contact began in 1500 AD with the Portuguese Empire, though effective colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the European exploration of the interior. Modern-day Kenya emerged from a protectorate established by the British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent Kenya Colony, which began in 1920.

Who was the last queen of Kenya?

Elizabeth II was Queen of Kenya from 1963 to 1964, when Kenya was independent sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy. She was also the sovereign of the other Commonwealth realms, including the United Kingdom. Her roles as the Kenyan head of state were delegated to the governor-general of Kenya.

What did the British do in Kenya?

Not only did the British spend an estimated £55 million suppressing the uprising, they also carried out massacres of civilians, forced several hundred thousand Kenyans into concentration camps, and suspended civil liberties in some cities.

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Who was the first Kenyan to join Legco?

Eliud Mathu became the first African member when he was nominated by the Governor to represent the African community at the 1944 election.

Was Kenya a German colony?

The colony was organised when the German military was asked in the late 1880s to put down a revolt against the activities of the German East Africa Company.

German East Africa.

German East Africa Deutsch-Ostafrika
Status German colony
Capital Bagamoyo (1885–1890) Dar es Salaam (1890–1916) Tabora (1916, temporary)

Why did the British colonize Africa?

The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.

Who was Jomo Kenyatta and what did he do?

Jomo Kenyatta ( c. 1897 – 22 August 1978) was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and then as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978.

Who colonized Mozambique?

Mozambique was a Portuguese colony, overseas province and later a member state of Portugal. It gained independence from Portugal in 1975.

Who colonized Lesotho?

In 1959 Basutoland became a British Colony and was called Territory of Basutoland. Basutoland gained full independence from Britain on 4 October 1966 and became known as Lesotho. Jonathan Leabua became the country’s first Prime Minister.