Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
When was Cameroon colonized by Germany?
Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. When they were defeated during the 1st World war, Cameroon placed as a mandated territory of the League of Nations and given to France and Britain to rule it. They shared Cameroon into two parts with France having 3/4 and Britain 1/4.
What was German administration in Cameroon?
The German administration in Cameroon lasted from 1884 to 1916. The head of the German administration was the Governor. The capital of German Cameroon was first in Douala, it was transferred to Buea in 1901 and to Yaounde in 1907.
How did Germany annex Cameroon in 1884?
Cameroon has come a long way since 1884 when Germany signed an annexation treaty with Douala chiefs. … Subsequently, treaties were signed with other local chiefs or the Germans simply imposed their rule as they extended into the hinterland. While the Germans took over Douala in 1884, the British were in Victoria in 1885.
Who created Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms.
Who was the first president of Cameroon?
Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924 – 30 November 1989) was a Cameroonian politician who was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982. Ahidjo played a major role in Cameroon’s independence from France as well as reuniting the French and English-speaking parts of the country.
How Cameroon got its name?
Cameroon sits on the Atlantic coast where Western and Central Africa meet. It was named by Portuguese explorers for the Rio dos Camarões (‘River of Prawns’). Cameroon’s geography includes the Mandara Mountains in the north-west, coastal plains, a densely forested plateau and savanna plains.
Who drew the first map of Cameroon?
In all viewpoints, modifications especially on scale did not make it very different from map 1. This proves again the quality and the utility of maps drawn by German talented cartographer Max Moisel. Cameroon lasts almost 30 years, from 1884 till late 1911.
Who is the colonial master of Cameroon?
Colony and mandate
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century.
What was Cameroon called before independence?
Plebiscite and Independence
French Cameroun became independent, as Cameroun or Cameroon, in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised the question of what to do with the British territory.
Who signed the Germano Douala treaty?
Here is the text to the Pre-treaty approved by King Ndumbé Lobé Bell and King Akwa of Cameroons River (Wouri River, Douala) before agreeing to signing the 12th July 1884 Germano-Duala treaty. It is called the “Wünsche der Kamerun” (or the Cameroonians’ wishes) and was signed by the German consul.
Why did Germany invade Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
Did Germany Colonise Cameroon?
German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.
When did Nachtigal arrive Cameroon?
The explorer Gustav Nachtigal arrived in July 1884 to annex the Douala coast. The Germans moved inland over the years, extending their control and their claims.
What language do they speak in Cameroon?
Cameroonians speak mostly French and English, which are foreign but official languages and part of an entrenched separatist conflict that has cost about 3,000 lives since 2017.