Two major factors laid the foundations of British rule and the eventual establishment of a colony on the Gold Coast: British reaction to the Asante wars and the resulting instability and disruption of trade, and Britain’s increasing preoccupation with the suppression and elimination of the slave trade.
When did the British Colonise Ghana?
Formal colonialism first came to the region we today call Ghana in 1874, and British rule spread through the region into the early twentieth century. The British called the territory the “Gold Coast Colony”.
Why did the British colonize West Africa?
The 19th century British colonial policy in West Africa was a policy of assimilation. Their grand plan was to have Africans assimilate into European civilization and culture. The policy created a western class of black Englishmen who were supposedly British partners in religion, trade and administration.
How did the British gain control of Ghana?
Following the defeat of Asante in 1896, the British proclaimed a protectorate over the kingdom. Once the asantehene and his council had been exiled, the British appointed a resident commissioner to Asante, who was given both civil and criminal jurisdiction over the territories.
Why the European came to Ghana?
The Portuguese were the first to arrive. By 1471, under the patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator, they had reached the area that was to become known as the Gold Coast because Europeans knew the area as the source of gold that reached Muslim North Africa by way of trade routes across the Sahara.
How did colonization affect Ghana?
Needless to say, contact with Europeans, Christians, and Muslims as well as colonialism greatly affected and modified indigenous customs, institutions, and values. … They also controlled some local lands for agricultural production, even when the timber and mineral resources were exploited by the colonial government.
What was the purpose of the customs house and how did it help the British to make money?
The Customs House built in 1926. And the Customs House was used to collect taxes on imported goods. All imported goods had to pass through here, the officials who assessed their taxes on the goods. GETZ: So, so this is one of the ways that the British colonial administration made their money?
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
How did the British colonized Africa?
TYPES OF BRITISH COLONIAL RULE IN AFRICA. The British employed various systems of governance in their African colonies. These were through the agency of (1) trading companies, (2) indirect rule, (3) the settler rule, and then the unique joint rule of the Sudan with the Egyptians known as the (4) condominium government.
When did the British colonize Africa?
From 1880-1900 Britain gained control over or occupied what are now known as Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Gambia, Sierra Leone, northwestern Somalia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Nigeria, Ghana, and Malawi. That meant that the British ruled 30% of Africa’s people at one time.
How long did the British rule Ghana?
The 56 years of British rule that followed did not immediately weld into one state the three elements of the territory—the colonies of the Gold Coast and Asante and the protectorate of the Northern Territories—to which after World War I was added a fourth, under mandate from the League of Nations, the western part of …
When did Ghana gain independence?
Parts of the Gold Coast (present Ghana) were acquired by Britain at different times. The Gold Coast crown colony, on the Gulf of Guinea coast, was established in 1874 in Fante and Ga lands near the British coastal trading forts. The mighty Asante empire to the north was conquered and made a protectorate in 1900–01.
What were the aims of British indirect rule in Ghana?
According to Frederick Lugard, architect of the policy, indirect rule was cost effective because it reduced the number of European officials in the field. By allowing local rulers to exercise direct administrative control over their people, opposition to European rule from the local population would be minimized.
Who were the first settlers in Ghana?
The History of The Republic of Ghana
The earliest Europeans to set foot on the land were the Portuguese in the 15th century (1471). On their arrival, they found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the area “da Mina”, meaning “The Mine”.
Which tribe came to Ghana first?
The true established Ghanaians in the pre-colonial are the Akans and specifically the Bono’s. It is believed that the Bono’s have settled in this land as early as in the 11th and 16th Centuries. Ga people crept in later. Ewe people were then part of Togoland.