The geographic location of Nigeria makes suitable climate for malaria transmission throughout the country and it is all year round in most part of the country. The most prevalent malaria parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum (>95%) and it is responsible for most forms of the severe disease [1,2].
Why is malaria prevalent in Nigeria?
Due to the high amount of rainfall in the South-South region of Nigeria, it is expected that malaria transmission will be higher, as rainfall provide breeding sites for mosquitoes.
Is malaria common in Nigeria?
Nigeria suffers the world’s greatest malaria burden, with approximately 51 million cases and 207,000 deaths reported annually (approximately 30 % of the total malaria burden in Africa), while 97 % of the total population (approximately 173 million) is at risk of infection .
What spread malaria in Nigeria?
Malaria spreads when a mosquito becomes infected with the disease after biting an infected person, and the infected mosquito then bites a noninfected person. The malaria parasites enter that person’s bloodstream and travel to the liver. When the parasites mature, they leave the liver and infect red blood cells.
Why is malaria so common in Africa?
Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission. The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum , which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.
Where in Nigeria is malaria most common?
Prevalence ranges from 16% in the South and South East Zones to 34% in the North West Zone. In rural populations, prevalence is 2.4 times that in urban populations (31% vs. 13%)
Why is there no malaria in the US?
Malaria transmission in the United States was eliminated in the early 1950s through the use of insecticides, drainage ditches and the incredible power of window screens. But the mosquito-borne disease has staged a comeback in American hospitals as travelers return from parts of the world where malaria runs rampant.
How can we prevent malaria in Nigeria?
Prevention programmes focus on the promotion and use of mosquito bed nets, called Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINS), along with education for families and health care providers on the importance of using bed nets to prevent mosquito bites, the mode of transmission for malaria.
What is being done to prevent malaria in Nigeria?
strengthening surveillance systems to monitor cases and outbreaks of malaria; increasing people’s access to care in clinics and to health facilities; spraying insecticides and distributing bed nets as part of vector control; and.
What continent has the most cases of malaria?
It killed roughly 409,000 people around the world in 2019 alone. Globally, an estimated 3.4 billion people in 92 countries are considered to be at risk of being infected with malaria and developing symptoms. It may be surprising that most cases occur on the African continent.
Which country is malaria most common?
Nineteen countries in sub-Saharan Africa and India carried almost 85% of the global malaria burden. Six countries accounted for more than half of all malaria cases worldwide: Nigeria (25%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12%), Uganda (5%), and Côte d’Ivoire, Mozambique and Niger (4% each).
Why is malaria more common in poor countries?
The High Cost of Malaria
Malaria is directly related to poverty and economic inequality in underdeveloped countries due to the exponential costs that these countries must face by both individuals and governments.