Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule.
What was Ghana called before Colonisation?
By 1956, British Togoland, the Ashanti protectorate, and the Fante protectorate were merged with the Gold Coast to create one colony, which became known as the Gold Coast. The Ghana Independence Act 1957 constituted the Gold Coast Crown Colony as part of the new dominion of Ghana.
Who was the first Ghana?
By a plebiscite of 1960 Ghana became a republic and Nkrumah became its president, with wide legislative and executive powers under a new constitution. Nkrumah then concentrated his attention on campaigning for the political unity of Black Africa, and he began to lose touch with realities in Ghana.
When did Ghana change its name?
4 March 1957: Gold Coast changes name to Ghana as UK grants independence | Newspapers | The Guardian.
What were people from Ghana called?
The Ghanaian people are a nation originating in the Ghanaian Gold Coast. Ghanaians predominantly inhabit the republic of Ghana, and are the predominant cultural group and residents of Ghana, numbering 20 million people as of 2013.
Where did the name Ghana originate from?
The etymology of the name Ghana means “Strong Warrior King” and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval “Ghana” Empire in West Africa, not to be confused with today’s Ghana, as the empire was further north in modern-day Republic of Mali, Senegal, southern Mauritania, as well as in the region of Guinea.
How Ghana got its name?
The name Ghana was borrowed from an ancient empire which boasted of significant power, wealth and territory. The word ghana means warrior or war chief and was the title given to the rulers of the original kingdom. The empire was located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
Who created Ghana?
History. Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast. On 6 March 1957 Kwame Nkrumah declared the country’s independence. On 1 July 1960, Ghana became a commonwealth republic with Nkrumah as the first President of the country.
What was the capital of Ghana before Accra?
An important seat of Asante traders, Cape Coast became a roadstead port and was the British commercial and administrative capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when Accra became the capital. Cape Coast began to decline in the early 1900s, when railways were built from Sekondi and Accra inland to Kumasi.
What does the name Ghana mean?
Ghana /ˈɡɑːnə/ is a country located in West Africa. … The word Ghana means “Warrior King” and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.
Which country colonized Ghana first?
Formal colonialism first came to the region we today call Ghana in 1874, and British rule spread through the region into the early twentieth century. The British called the territory the “Gold Coast Colony”.
When was the capital of Ghana moved to Accra?
Accra became the administrative capital of Ghana in 1877 when the British colonial authority transferred the seat of government from Cape Coast. Accra was declared a city on 29 June 1961 by Ghana’s first President Dr Kwame Nkrumah. Accra has been one of the fastest growing cities in Africa since the pre-colonial era.
Where did the Ashantis originally come from?
The Ashanti Empire was a pre-colonial West African state that emerged in the 17th century in what is now Ghana. The Ashanti or Asante were an ethnic subgroup of the Akan-speaking people, and were composed of small chiefdoms.
What race is Ghana?
Major ethnic groups in Ghana include the Akan at 47.5% of the population, the Mole-Dagbon at 16.6%, the Ewe at 13.9%, the Ga-Dangme at 7.4%, the Gurma at 5.7%, the Guan at 3.7%, the Grusi at 2.5%, the Kusaasi at 1.2%, and the Bikpakpaam a.k.a. Konkomba people at 3.5%. 4.3% of the population is white.
How did Ghana fall?
The Ghana Empire crumbled from the 12th century CE following drought, civil wars, the opening up of trade routes elsewhere, and the rise of the Sosso Kingdom (c. 1180-1235 CE) and then the Mali Empire (1240-1645 CE).
What race is Akan?
The Akan (/ˈækæn/) are a meta-ethnicity living primarily in the countries of present-day Ghana and Ivory Coast. The Akan language (also known as Twi/Fante) are a group of dialects within the Central Tano branch of the Potou–Tano subfamily of the Niger–Congo family.