When did the German leave Cameroon?
Germany ruJed Cameroon from 1884-1915 as a colony and in 1916 Cameroon was divided between Britain and France following the defeat of the Germans in Cameroon in 1916. Britain and -France ruled their· respective portions of Cameroon as mandated territories -0f the League of Nations from 1919-1945.
What was German administration in Cameroon?
The German administration in Cameroon lasted from 1884 to 1916. The head of the German administration was the Governor. The capital of German Cameroon was first in Douala, it was transferred to Buea in 1901 and to Yaounde in 1907.
Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
How long did Germany Control Cameroon?
Cameroon was colonized in 1884 by the Germans who ruled Cameroon till 1916. When they were defeated during the 1st World war, Cameroon placed as a mandated territory of the League of Nations and given to France and Britain to rule it.
Who was the first German governor to Cameroon?
Kamerun was an African colony of the German Empire from 1884 to 1916 in the region of today’s Republic of Cameroon.
|Common languages||German (official) Basaa Beti Duala Other local languages|
|• 1884||Gustav Nachtigal|
Who created Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms.
What was Cameroon called before independence?
Plebiscite and Independence
French Cameroun became independent, as Cameroun or Cameroon, in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised the question of what to do with the British territory.
Who signed the Germano Douala treaty?
Here is the text to the Pre-treaty approved by King Ndumbé Lobé Bell and King Akwa of Cameroons River (Wouri River, Douala) before agreeing to signing the 12th July 1884 Germano-Duala treaty. It is called the “Wünsche der Kamerun” (or the Cameroonians’ wishes) and was signed by the German consul.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
German traders have been involved in trade with West African peoples in the area that later became Cameroon since the late 1860s. … Bismarck’s turn to economic protectionism in 1879 and the rapid growth of overseas trade made it more important to secure access to both markets and sources of raw materials.
Who is the colonial master of Cameroon?
Colony and mandate
The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the “Scramble for Africa” at the end of the 19th century.
What is the scramble for Cameroon?
Between 1884 and 1964, Cameroon was colonized by three different European countries: Germany, Britain, and France. … The British later joined the Dutch to also gain from the trade, until they abolished the slave trade in the 1820s. Economic Factors that Led to the Scramble Between 1884 and 1964. 1.
Why did the British annex Cameroon?
The climate of Cameroon around the Cameroon mountain was suitable for European settlement. The British had the intension of creating an empire. Annexation of Cameroon by the British would facilitate the collection of their debt. The industries in Britain needed raw materials.
How Cameroon got its name?
Cameroon sits on the Atlantic coast where Western and Central Africa meet. It was named by Portuguese explorers for the Rio dos Camarões (‘River of Prawns’). Cameroon’s geography includes the Mandara Mountains in the north-west, coastal plains, a densely forested plateau and savanna plains.
When did Cameroon got her independent?
On January 1, 1960, independence was granted. In elections held soon after independence, Ahmadou Ahidjo was elected the first president of the Republic of Cameroon. Ahidjo and his party, the Cameroon Union (Union Camerounaise), pledged to build a capitalist economy and to maintain close ties to France.
Did Germany Colonise Cameroon?
German traders first arrived 1862 and in 1884 the German Empire signed an agreement with Kings Bell and Akwa under which Kamerun – German for Cameroon – became a German protectorate. Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916.